Built Environment

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Leveraging Health Funding for Active Transportation Investments
Advocacy Advance
Advocay Advance
The report takes a deeper look into the recent funding awards from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for active transportation, and provides examples of how transportation and public health have worked together.
A Tool Kit to Accelerate the Adoption of Cycling for Transportation
Emma Cohlmeyer
Toronto Cycling Think & Do Tank
This report, a product of the social and civic infrastructure research stream, synthesizes academic behaviour change literature with the pragmatic application of cycling programs to present an adaptable, evidenced-based guide to the development of a “toolkit” to accelerate the adoption of cycling for transportation. It explores the social infrastructure supporting cycling for transportation, introducing a new “toolkit” as an evidence-based method for cycling adoption. This model, suited to adaptation to accommodate local contexts, can foster substantial change in cycle use among diverse target groups, with different partners delivering the program, and diverse related barriers to cycling adoption. Based on a comprehensive review of scholarly literature and practitioner-based sources, this innovative toolkit provides an original, evidence-based analysis of the barriers and opportunities where cycling behaviour interventions and behaviour change theory intersect.
The Impact of Community Design and Land-use Choices on Public Health: A Scientific Research Agenda
Andrew Dannenberg, Richard Jackson, Howard Frumkin, et al.
American Journal of Public Health
Wed, 2003-01-01
“Results of the research described in this report may help identify best practices and help communities to avoid making design decisions that have unintended negative consequences. Research results are important both for the design of new communities and for the revitalization of existing communities. Overall, it is hoped that such research will help guide local community design decisions and favorably influence the health of the public.”
Is the Grass Greener? Learning from International Innovations in Urban Green Space Management
Matthew Carmona, Claudio de Magalhaes, Ruth Blum, et al.
CABE Space
Tue, 2004-06-01
“This report examines the management of urban green space around the world. It establishes that, not only does an investment in green space management deliver clear and consistent benefits to all the cities concerned – to their local populations, political representatives and to green space managers – but that these lessons are highly transferable to practice in England. So, by setting the right aspirations, resources and political commitment, it is within the grasp of every local authority in this country to be among the very best in the world. Certain cities around the world are well known for the quality of their urban green space. The research is based on the premise that green space management practice in these cities offers potentially important lessons for practice at home. Eleven such cities were chosen for analysis from the US, South America, New Zealand as well as Europe and a range of important lessons were revealed.”
The Fruit of Urban Nature: Vital Neighborhood Spaces.
William Sullivan, et al.
Environment and Behaviour. eab.sagepub.com/‎
Fri, 2004-09-03
What makes a neighbourhood space vial? This article explores the possibility that the presence of trees and grass may be one of the key component of vital neighbourhood paces. This research reports on 758 observations of individuals in 59 outdoor common spaces in a residential development. Twenty-seven of the neighborhood common spaces were relatively green, whereas 32 were relatively barren. Results indicate that the presence of trees an grass is related to the use of outdoor spaces, the amount of social activity that takes place within the,, and the proportion of social t nonsocial activities they support. The findings improve and broaden our understanding of the physical characteristics that influence social contact among neighbors and provide evidence that nature plays an important role in creating vital neighbourhood spaces.
Walkability Toolkit
Canada Walks (http://www.canadawalks.ca/)
Canada Walks (http://www.canadawalks.ca/)
Mon, 2007-01-01
“The Walkability Toolkit has been created to serve as a resource for audiences interested in creating walkable communities focusing on pedestrian friendly environments. The toolkit is a compilation of a variety of Canadian articles including statistics that will enable you to provide sound research for your initiative. This Toolkit is a work in progress and has adapted some of its materials from the America Walks Pedestrian Advocacy Toolkit.”
Promoting Ecosystem and Human Health in Urban Areas using Green Infrastructure: A Literature Review
Konstantinos Tzoulas, Kalevi Korpela, Stephen Venn, et al.
Landscape and Urban Planning
Mon, 2007-01-01
“The aim of this paper is to formulate a conceptual framework of associations between urban green space, and ecosystem and human health. Through an interdisciplinary literature review the concepts of Green Infrastructure, ecosystem health, and human health and well-being are discussed.... (A) proposed conceptual framework highlights many dynamic factors, and their complex interactions, affecting ecosystem health and human health in urban areas. This framework forms the context into which extant and new research can be placed.”
Potential Environmental Determinants of Physical Activity in Adults: A Systematic Review
W. Wendel-Vos, M. Droomers, S Kremers, et al.
Obesity Reviews
Mon, 2007-01-01
“Based on the results of the present review, we conclude that research on environmental attributes associated with physical activity among adult men and women shows promising, but still a limited set of positive findings. Important environmental determinants that emerged from this review were social support, having a companion for physical activity, connectivity of trails and the availability of physical activity equipment. These associations were present most convincingly when physical activity measures were more narrowly defined. Only for walking behaviour, we found some indication that environmental determinants of physical activity may differ between men and women.”
The Built Environment: Designing Communities to Promote Physical Activity in Children
Committee on Environmental Health
Pediatrics
Thu, 2009-01-01
“Factors such as school location have played a significant role in the decreased rates of walking to school, and changes in policy may help to increase the number of children who are able to walk to school. Environment modification that addresses risks associated with automobile traffic is likely to be conducive to more walking and biking among children. Actions that reduce parental perception and fear of crime may promote outdoor physical activity. Policies that promote more active lifestyles among children and adolescents will enable them to achieve the recommended 60 minutes of daily physical activity.”
Healthy Communities Practice Guide
Keltie Craig, James van Hemert
Canadian Institute of Planners (http://www.cip-icu.ca/), HB Lanarc
Thu, 2009-01-01
“This guide is designed for planning practitioners to help them in their work towards healthier communities, and to increase the understanding of the supporting role that health practitioners can play in reaching our common goals. It provides a framework for considering the interconnected aspects of a healthy community, and includes practical examples of how others are accomplishing their goals.”