Economic Benefits

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Economic Value of the Commercial Nature-based Tourism Industry in British Columbia
Pacific Analytics ( )
Research Services, Tourism British Columbia ( )
The primary objective of this project was to measure the economic impact of commercial nature-based tourism to the economy of British Columbia. In 2001 there were approximately 2,250 businesses offering nature-based activities in the province of British Columbia. That year, 966,000 tourists spent a total of $908.9 million dollars while at nature-based tourism businesses in the province. When all spin-off impacts2 are accounted for, BC commercial nature-based tourism results in the employment of 20,776 individuals earning $556.2 million with $296.7 million going to government coffers ($78.5 million provincially).
The Importance of Nature to Canadians: The Economic Significance of Nature-related Activities
Federal-Provincial-Territorial Task Force on the Importance of Nature to Canadians chaired by Luis Leigh. Report written by Elaine DuWors and Michel Villeneuve.
Environment Canada ( )
Sat, 2000-01-01
While older than the two previous reports, this study assessed the economic significance of a broader group of nature-related activities. Canadians and visitors from the United States spent an estimated $11.7 billion on nature-related activities in 1996, supporting 215,000 jobs and $5.4 billion in government revenue from taxes. Major areas of expenditures included $7.2 billion for general outdoor activities in natural areas, $1.9 billion for recreational fishing, $1.3 billion for wildlife viewing and $800 million for hunting.
Economic Benefits of British Columbia's Provincial Parks
British Columbia Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection (
British Columbia Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection (
Sat, 2001-09-01
This analysis of the economic benefits of B.C.’s protected areas found the following: • For every dollar invested by the government, there were ten dollars in visitor expenditures • Almost one-third of expenditures were from out-of-province visitors ($148 million) • Economic activity in the parks system sustains approximately 9,100 direct and indirect person years of employment every year • The economic benefits of parks is widely distributed across the province, with one half of benefits occurring outside of the lower mainland and Victoria regions
Lessons Learned From Global Experience: Review of Protected Areas and Development in the Lower Mekong River Region
The Protected Areas Development Review Team led by Jeremy Carew-Reid
International Center for Environmental Management
Wed, 2003-01-01
The authors argue that economic valuation has been able to provide strong, and much needed, arguments for Protected Areas as a profitable and economically beneficial resource and has increased the priority accorded to these areas in development decision-making.
Economic Impact of Parks Canada
The Outspan Group Inc. ( )
Parks Canada ( )
Fri, 2011-04-01
In a similar analysis to the above report, this focused specifically on the federal parks system (national parks, historic sites, marine conservation areas) and associated economic impacts. Canada’s national parks created almost 42,000 full time equivalent jobs resulting in $1.9 billion in labour income and a $3.0 billion contribution to the country’s GDP in the fiscal year 2008/09.
The Economic Impact of Canada's National, Provincial & Territorial Parks in 2009
The Outspan Group Inc. ( )
Canadian Parks Council ( )
Fri, 2011-04-01
This study estimated that Canada’s national, provincial and territorial parks created over 64,000 full time equivalent jobs resulting in $2.9 billion in labour income and a $4.6 billion contribution to the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the fiscal year 2008/09. In British Columbia, almost 9,900 full time equivalent jobs were created resulting in $544 million in labour income and a $728 billion contribution to the province’s GDP. The Economic Impact Model for Parks used by this study is publicly available at
Nature as Foundation of Economy: Investing in Natural Infrastructure for Conservation Supporting Human Development
David Monsma
The Aspen Institute
Sat, 2012-12-01
This report looks at several "First Principles for Conservation and Human Development Dialogue" and notes that "these principles formalized a new approach to conservation that will develop effective protection of natural resources by informing strategies with economic and human development needs, while maintaining that human development efforts would be more effective if integrated with conservation principles."
Reconomics: The Economic Impact of Outdoor Recreation
Sport and Recreation Alliance
Sport and Recreation Alliance
Sun, 2014-06-01
This report shows the popularity of outdoor activities and the benefits it brings to the UK economy. The report brings together research and evidence relating to the impact of outdoor recreation and provides a compelling case to politicians on the true value of outdoor recreation