Parks and Protected Areas

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Natural Fit: Can Green Space and Biodiversity Increase Levels of Physical Activity
William Bird
Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (
Fri, 2004-10-01
“This report, commissioned by the RSPB, looks at the evidence to support the theory that the availability of safe, accessible natural green space encourages the uptake and continuation of physical activity. It also looks at the role of biodiversity in enhancing this relationship. It is written for policy makers, those promoting physical activity and those involved with maintaining a wildlife-rich natural environment. But most of all it is written for those who believe that a healthy natural environment is also good for our health, but have needed evidence to substantiate this. Generations have intuitively understood this relationship better than us yet the evidence has been slow to arrive. This is part of a wider debate about the health benefits of a wildlife-rich environment.”
Healthy By Nature – Discussion Paper
Canadian Parks Council
Thu, 2006-01-05
This presentation developed by the Canadian Parks Council, outlines their efforts in "re-positioning parks as an integral facet of a healthy population."
The Health Benefits of Urban Green Spaces: A Review of the Evidence
ACK Lee, R Maheswaran
Journal of Public Health
Sat, 2011-01-01
“There is weak evidence for the links between physical, mental health and well-being, and urban green space. Environmental factors such as the quality and accessibility of green space affects its use for physical activity. User determinants, such as age, gender, ethnicity and the perception of safety, are also important. However, many studies were limited by poor study design, failure to exclude confounding, bias or reverse causality and weak statistical associations…Most studies reported findings that generally supported the view that green space have a beneficial health effect. Establishing a causal relationship is difficult, as the relationship is complex. Simplistic urban interventions may therefore fail to address the underlying determinants of urban health that are not remediable by landscape redesign.”
Neighbourhood Environment and Physical Activity Among Youth: A Review
Ding Ding, James Sallis, Jacqueline Kerr, et al.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Sat, 2011-01-01
“For children, evidence supports associations of reported physical activity (PA) with objective measures of access to recreation facilities, land-use mix, residential density, walkability, walking/biking facilities, traffıc speed/volume, pedestrian safety structures, incivilities/disorders, and vegetation. Inconsistent evidence exists for park access and street connectivity. For adolescents, evidence supported the associations of reported PA with objective measures of residential density and land-use mix, and inconsistent evidence existed for parks, recreation facilities, and street connectivity.”
Losing Ground: Time to Embrace the True Value of Parks
Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society
Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society
Tue, 2014-07-01
In this sixth annual review of the state of Canada's parks, the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society (CPAWS) finds that most parks and proposed protected areas are facing greater challenges than they were a year ago. The report describes the challenges and identifies some success stories through case studies.
A Statement by Canada's Parks Ministers on the Occasion of Their 2014 Meeting
Canadian Parks Council
Canadian Parks Council
Mon, 2014-09-01
In this statement, "CONNECTING Canadians with Nature: An Investment in the Wellbeing of our Citizens," Canada’s Parks Ministers affirm and strengthen the fundamental bond the people of Canada have with nature. The statement outlines their committments on behalf of the people of Canada, for a shared vision, to innovating, diversifying and adapting park offerings, and to working across government and with Aboriginal leaders and to collaborating with other sectors of society.
Best Practices and Policies: Events in Downtown / Urban Parks
Elizabeth Fritshaw
St. Catharines, City
Wed, 2014-10-01
This document is the result of telephone research by Elizabeth Fritshaw, Community Relations Coordinator for the City of St. Catharines, into practices and policies related to events in downtown / urban parks that hold festivals / events and that have residential neighbourhood surrounding them. It includes data on Usage Frequency, Park Maintenance, Noise Bylaws, and Rental Rates. Section One presents a summary of the data on the most comparable parks for this research in various municipalities. Section Two provides additional details on each, including contact information. Separate links are included below for several of the policies referenced in this document.
Measuring the benefits of community forrestry
BC Community Forrest Association
BC Community Forrest Association
Thu, 2015-01-01
The report identified the most compelling indicators that demonstrate the tangible social, cultural, economic and environmental benefits that community forests bring to their communities